Hawaii Socio-Economic Map


Demographic and socioeconomic data are often important linkages between communities and their surrounding environment. These linkages are critical for understanding issues involving health, education, culture, resource management, business activity, workforce potential, etc. Census data have a lengthy history of being applied to spatial analysis (cross-sectional and panel data studies). The 2010 U.S. Census of Population is the most recent census available for public viewing/usage, while other census and survey years can also be observed online.

The intent of the census map is to provide information that can complement other maps such as the soil atlas, crop suitability, wildfire, and others. The data categories shown (median household income, Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders reported alone or in combination with other races, attained bachelor’s degree or higher and homeownership rate) were chosen for exploratory purposes.

Conditions of Use

Data Use and Distribution
All maps, data, graphs, and other information presented here are available for reproduction and distribution for non-commercial use. The map or data source must be prominently stated whenever presenting these data in any form or any product derived in whole or part from these data. Majority of the data and information used to construct the Hawai‘i Socio-Economic Map were derived from the US Census Bureau databases and websites. The Hawai‘i Socio-Economic Map encourages the use of these other data sources; this website simply consolidated information we believe to be important from these sources.

No Warranty or Liability
The Hawai‘i Socio-Economic Map will not bear any responsibility for the consequences of using this data set, which are entirely the responsibility of the user. Surveying every household on every island is not always possible, thus socio-economic data and estimates may not be a complete and true representation of that population. Also, data from 2010 were used for certain socio-economic data, and actual values may have changed since that year. Every effort has been made to make all images, maps, graphs, data, and other information provided on this web site accurate and error-free. However, there is no guarantee to the accuracy of any images, maps, graphs, data, or other information. All content is provided without warranty of any kind.

How to Use this Webpage

Easy-locator tabs are located at the top of this webpage (top-border when scrolling down). Click on the desired tab to quickly scroll to the section of interest. Please read the “Conditions of Use” section for legal information before using this website. The “Methods” section describes the resources used and procedures followed to construct the “Interactive Socio-Economic Data Map” and the additional downloadable maps. The “Interactive Socio-Economic Data Map” is a user-friendly map: navigate the map using your mouse and scroller and click on an area of interest to generate relevant socio-economic information and data. Download maps of various socio-economic properties in the “Downloadable Maps” section. The ArcGIS shapefiles of these maps are also available for download in that section. The “Links” and “References” sections provide websites and resources utilized and consulted for constructing the “Interactive Socio-Economic Data Map” and “Additional Maps.”

Census Data Methods

Census data for the state of Hawai‘i at the census tract level were used to construct the interactive map for the following categories: 1) Median household income, 2) Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders reported alone or in combination with other races, 3) Attained bachelor’s degree or higher, and 4) Homeownership rate. Homeownership rate was calculated by dividing the total number of owner-occupied homes by the total number of occupied homes in each census tract.  There are 325 census tracts in the state of Hawai‘i. Median household income is reported in US dollars ($); Native Hawaiians, Other Pacific Islanders, and Attained bachelor’s degree or higher are reported in number of individuals; and Homeownership rate is reported in percentage (%).

Tract level boundary shapefiles were collected from the U.S. Census Bureau’s TIGER/Line shapefiles. Native Hawaiian, Pacific Islander, and Homeownership data at the census tract level were acquired from the 2010 U.S. Census. Due to unavailability in the 2010 U.S. Census, Median Household Income and Bachelor’s Degree or Higher Attained data were collected from the American Community Survey, part of the U.S. Census Bureau, using their 2008-2012 5-Year Summary File. Data manipulation and map construction were conducted using a combination of Microsoft Access 2010 and ArcGIS 10.1. Since the island chain consisted of only one GIS shapefile, only one projected coordinate system was used for all islands, the North American Datum (NAD) 1983 Universal Transmercator (UTM) Zone 4N. 

Map (full screen map)


Helpful Links


The Hawai‘i Socio-Economic Map was made possible and funded by the Agribusiness Development Corporation, an attached agency to the Hawai‘i State Department of Agriculture. This project was developed by a team of researchers at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa: Dr. John Yanagida guided the selection and usage of Hawai‘i socio-economic data; Dr. Tomoaki Miura supported the funding and technical aspects of this project; Nathan Dorman constructed and coded the many aspects of the webpage and interactive map; and Joshua Silva and Derek Ford compiled, analyzed, and formatted data and text used in the construction of the webpage and maps.